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Both hands remain on the gun, vastly improving aim. The matchlock shown here was made around 1640, and is typical of the muskets used by militia in Colonial America.1498 - Rifling principle is discovered.1509 - Invention of wheel lock (rose lock).This pair of 1786 flintlock pistols was made with ivory stocks and unusually elaborate decorative details.1776 - American Revolution.1807 - Percussion-detonating principle patented.1825 ca.The first device, or "lock," for mechanically firing a gun is the matchlock.Powder is held in a "flash pan," and ignited by a wick, or match, in a movable clamp.The forerunner of modern shotguns was the fowling piece, developed specifically for hunting birds.Among the upper classes, fowling was a leisure sport.
The flintlock mechanism was designed to push back the lid and spark a flint at the same time.In this weapon, two locks are combined in one mechanism, to give each barrel separate ignition.1540 - Rifling appears in firearms.1607 - Settlers arrive in Jamestown, Virginia.1630 - The first true flintlock. Some time in the late 1500s, a lid was added to the flash pan design.But the Army didn't want a repeating gun, fearing that soldiers would fire more often, constantly need fresh ammunition, and overtax the supply system.But in 1863, President Lincoln test-fired a Spencer.